- Joseph, Saint
- St. Joseph was one of the suitors who brought rods to the temple to determine who would wed the Virgin Mary. That Joseph's rod flowered made clear that he was the one chosen. Pietro Perugino depicted the Marriage of the Virgin to Joseph in 1500-1504 (Caen, Musée des Beaux-Arts) and Raphael in 1504 (Milan, Brera). Joseph was alarmed to hear that Mary was pregnant, as they had not consummated their relationship. An angel appeared to him and dissuaded him from divorcing her, explaining that her pregnancy was the work of the Holy Spirit. Joseph was present at Christ's birth and took his family to Egypt to escape the massacre of the innocents. He was also at Christ's Presentation in the Temple, as exemplified by Ambrogio Lorenzetti's painting of the subject of 1342 (Florence, Uffizi). After he and Mary find the 12-year-old Christ disputing with the doctors in the temple, Joseph disappears from the New Testament, save for a brief mention in the Gospel of Luke.The cult of St. Joseph had existed in the East since the fourth century. In the West, however, his veneration was not popularized until the 15th century and his feast was only introduced into the Roman calendar in 1479. In art, he gradually took on a more active role in images of the Holy Family. Examples include Michelangelo's Doni Tondo (c. 1503, Florence, Uffizi) where he helps the Virgin balance the Christ Child on her shoulder, Ludovico Carracci's Cento Madonna (1591; Cento, Museo Civico) where he leans his elbow on the Virgin's throne, Caravaggio's Rest on the Flight into Egypt (c. 1594; Rome, Galleria Doria-Pamphili) where he holds the music score for the music-playing angel who sooths the Christ Child to sleep, and La Tour's Christ and St. Joseph (1645; Paris, Louvre) where he engages in carpentry with the young Christ.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
Look at other dictionaries:
JOSEPH (saint) — JOSEPH saint Connu par les Évangiles, particulièrement par celui de Matthieu, Joseph, l’époux de Marie, était, selon la «généalogie de Jésus», de la race de David. Il aurait exercé le métier d’ouvrier en bâtiment (en grec, tektôn : charpentier,… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Joseph, Saint — • Information on the entire life of St. Joseph Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Joseph,Saint — Joseph,Saint. fl. first century A.D. In the New Testament, the husband of Mary, mother of Jesus. * * * … Universalium
Joseph, Saint — flourished 1st century AD, Nazareth, Galilee region of Palestine; principle feast day March 19; Feast of St. Joseph the Worker May 1 In the New Testament, the husband of Mary and the earthly father of Jesus. Descended from the house of David, he… … Universalium
Joseph, Saint — L Chapel dedicated to, in church at Quebec, 84; patron saint of Canada, 87. Ch Jesuit mission in Huron country, 93; French colony placed under patronage of, 150 … The makers of Canada
Joseph Saint-Pierre — (* um 1709; † 21. Juli 1754 in Bayreuth) war ein französischer Architekt. Neues Schloss der Eremitage Bayreuth … Deutsch Wikipedia
Joseph Saint-Rémy — (1815 1858) was a Haitian historian. He is best known for his biography La Vie de Toussaint Louverture about the Haitian Revolution leader Toussaint L Ouverture, and for his work Pétion et Haïti , about another Revolutionary figure, Alexandre… … Wikipedia
Louis Joseph Saint-Amans — (26 June 1749 Marseilles c.1820 Paris) was a French composer. Initially studying to be a lawyer, Saint Amans abandoned his studies to travel around southern France with an Italian theater troupe performing opere buffe. He then spent three years… … Wikipedia
Hermann Joseph, Saint — • Biographical article on this German Premonstratensian mystic, who died in 1241 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Église Saint-Joseph (Saint-Georges-des-Gardes) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Église Saint Joseph. Ancienne église Saint Joseph de Saint Georges des Gardes Présentation Culte Anciennement, catholique romain Type Ancienne église paroissiale … Wikipédia en Français